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The Dark Side of Technology: Cyber Terrorism Attacks

October 25, 2023

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The Dark Side of Technology: Cyber Terrorism

Cybercrime has become the world’s third-largest economy.

Cyber criminals heavily depend on cyber based technologies to execute attacks. This can cause physical, psychosocial, political, economic, ecological or other damages. 

One estimate placed the annual cost of cybercrime to individuals in 24 countries at $388 billion according to a report from the Congressional Research Service (CRS). This figure only takes into account individuals who engage in illegal cyberattacks for monetary gain. There are other types of cyberattacks which can have motives apart from monetary gain.

What is Cyber Terrorism?

NATO defines cyberterrorism as “a cyberattack using or exploiting computer or communication networks to cause sufficient destruction or disruption to generate fear or to intimidate a society into an ideological goal”.

The Dark Side of Technology: Cyber Terrorism

  1. A person or group with three distinctive characteristics: they are not affiliated with any government, they are involved in illegal activities, and they work underground. 
  2. They have a reason for doing what they do, which may have to do with their faith, society, money or politics. 
  3. They want to make something happen, force others to change, achieve their goals, or cause trouble. 
  4. Computers and the Internet can be hacked and harmful acts such as cyberattacks or terrorism can be carried out across borders. 
  5. They cause a variety of impacts, such as violence, denial of service, vandalism, injury, waste of money, or theft of information. 
  6. Regular people, computer systems, information and communication technologies, data sources, government bodies, NGOs, or physical objects such as buildings are often targeted.

Top 10 Facts about Cyberterrorism in the US:

  1. The FBI defines cyber threats as politically motivated attacks aimed at exploiting computer systems to cause fear and violence. 
  2. 81% of Americans see cyber threats as the most important threat, ranking second in concern regardless of political affiliation. 
  3. Direct cyberthreats by terrorist groups limited by the complexity and potential impact of having sophisticated hackers. 
  4. Some groups, such as al Qaeda, recruit hackers to commit cyber terrorism. 
  5. ISIS’s CyberCaliphate attacked the US. on the 2015 s.c. 
  6. The White House released the 2018 National Cyber Strategy to combat cyber terrorism. 
  7. U.S. The Department of Defense announced a five-point plan in response to the National Cyber Strategy. 
  8. The U.S. the military recognizes cyber threats as a serious threat to national security and is concerned about preparedness. 
  9. Ardit Ferizi was the first person to be convicted of cyber terrorism for providing data to ISIS. 
  10. British teenager Ken Gamble committed cyberbullying by leaking sensitive information to the U.S. government. companies on the announcement.

Types of Cyber Attacks You Should Be Aware of in 2023

  1. Malware Attack
  2. Phishing Attack
  3. Password Attack
  4. Man-in-the-Middle Attack
  5. SQL Injection Attack
  6. Denial-of-Service Attack
  7. Insider Threat
  8. Cryptojacking
  9. Zero-Day Exploit
  10. Watering Hole Attack
  11. Spoofing
  12. Identity-Based Attacks
  13. Code Injection Attacks
  14. Supply Chain Attacks
  15. DNS Tunneling
  16. DNS Spoofing
  17. IoT-Based Attacks
  18. Ransomware
  19. Distributed Denial of Service (DDos) Attacks
  20. Spamming
  21. Corporate Account Takeover (CATO)
  22. Automated Teller Machine (ATM) Cash Out
  23. Whale-Phishing Attacks
  24. Spear-Phishing Attacks
  25. URL Interpretation
  26. Session Hijacking
  27. Brute Force Attack
  28. Web Attacks
  29. Trojan Horses
  30. Drive-by Attacks
  31. Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Attacks
  32. Eavesdropping Attacks
  33. Birthday Attack
  34. Volume-Based Attacks
  35. Protocol Attacks
  36. Application Layer Attacks
  37. Dictionary Attacks
  38. Virus
  39. Worm
  40. Backdoors
  41. Bots
  42. Business Email Compromise (BEC)
  43. Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) Attacks
  44. AI-Powered Attacks
  45. Rootkits
  46. Spyware
  47. Social Engineering
  48. Keylogger
  49. Botnets
  50. Emotet
  51. Adware
  52. Fileless Malware
  53. Angler Phishing Attacks
  54. Advanced Persistent Threat (APT)

Major cyber terrorism attacks and attempts in the history of mankind

Finish Parliament Attack

In August 2022, the website of the Parliament of Finland suffered a DDoS attack during a parliamentary session. This denial of service attack could be a coordinated campaign by Russia and state-sponsored hackers to compromise Finnish government websites in retaliation for the NATO-based application The DDoS attack temporarily blocked the website however it did not destroy forever.

Ukrainian State Nuclear Power Company Attack

In August 2022, a Russian “hacktivist” group called the People’s Cyber Army launched a 7.25 million bot attack to take down the Energoatom website, using continuous garbage and web requests. Internet services were disrupted for hours, but no lasting negative effects. The attack was part of a Russian psyops campaign to stoke fears of nuclear disaster and terrorize Europeans.

Greek Natural Gas Distributor Attack

Greece’s state gas distributor DESFA reported a cyberattack in August 2022. The attack affected part of the company’s IT system and leaked data Ragnar Locker, a cybercriminal ransomware service holds stolen data as slaves. Indemnity is sought for failure to disclose material information. The company refused to pay the money.

Belgian Government and Military Attack

In July 2022, the Belgian government announced that three Chinese hacker groups, part of the known Chinese Advanced Persistent Threat actors, attacked Belgian public services and military defense forces. The Chinese government-sponsored attackers steal trade secrets and intelligence information. The Soft Cell Chinese group recently launched a new remote access trojan (RAT) malware in June 2022.

UK Military Social Media Breach

Hackers took over the Twitter account of the British Army in July 2022. The social media account underwent multiple name and photo changes. The content started promoting contests to win Angry Apes non-fungible tokens (NFTs), digital art stored on a blockchain. The army’s YouTube page experienced an attack as well. Its name changed to Ark Invest, and the account promoted interviews of Elon Musk talking about cryptocurrency.

How to Protect Against Cyber Terrorism?

Obtaining and installing endpoint protection 

If you haven’t already done this step, it’s time to rethink your approach. Having a functional and reliable antivirus software is essential to protect your business. For example, before and after a cloud migration project, it’s important to ensure strong backups for both your operating system and infrastructure. Leaving something to chance is not good. For small businesses, the cost of cybersecurity is far less than the potential consequences of a data breach. 

Proactive safety assessment (VAPT) and monitoring (Compromise Analysis)

Relying solely on the expertise and limited security expertise of your existing IT staff can leave your business vulnerable to preventable cybercrime and unexpected attacks. Various features from software outdated to switching to cloud platforms and impaired employee efforts can put your business at risk.

 By adopting proactive security assessments and monitoring, you and your team can identify potential threats or attacks before they escalate. If you’ve noticed that your business has been neglecting early assessments for a while, now is a great time to act quickly.

Cybersecurity Awareness training 

One of the hardest things about cybersecurity is that even the traditional tools and techniques used by cybercriminals evolve over time. This is a major reason why some businesses fall prey to cybercrime. If everyone could understand how these criminals work, companies and individuals would be less likely to fall for them. 

However, this is not always the case. Instead of relying on potentially outdated knowledge, invest in cybersecurity training for your employees through a reputable cybersecurity company. This training will equip your employees with information on using their mobile devices to access work-related content, manage networks, and communicate securely with external allies. 

Engaging digital forensics experts (CEH and CISM)

Whether you are responsible for securing a small private business, a government agency, or a large corporation, digital forensic specialists can provide significant protection against cyber threats and related crimes. If you leave out this important resource, letting it just happen is not an option. 

Even in the absence of a major cyberattack, digital forensics professionals can help prevent and minimize potential losses. When you register your business, these professionals and agencies provide comprehensive technical analysis and related services.

Top 5 cybersecurity services:

  • Accidental or intentional disclosure of company information 
  • Examples of industrial espionage 
  • Intellectual property theft 
  • Business misuse of the Internet 
  • Unlawfully interfering with an ongoing investigation

Understanding Internet research

Internet analytics is the systematic use of a variety of tools, devices and techniques to find, analyze and report digital evidence related to internet-based crimes Notably, online analytics is an important responsibility of digital forensic experts. In addition to these experts, specialist cyber police officers can conduct online investigations before, during and after internet-based crimes are committed. China’s internet police are an example

Some government agencies and ministries may have dedicated cyber policing units tasked with detecting, deterring and prosecuting cybercriminals.

Conclusion

Cybercrime is a big problem and has become like its own economy. Cybercriminals use technology to do harmful things, and this can affect many parts of our lives. It’s estimated that these cybercrimes cost people around the world a huge amount of money every year. 

One scary thing is cyber terrorism, which involves using computer attacks to cause fear or harm societies. The content also talks about different types of cyber attacks and some major incidents that happened. 

To stay safe, it’s important to use good protection on our computers, learn about cybersecurity, and have experts who can help when needed. It’s like making sure our digital world is safe from bad things

Related Blogs:

Cyber Safety : Protect your Online Identify 

Cyber law in India

Cyber safety in the age of social media

Related Terms:

Cyber Safety 

Cyber Awareness

Cyber Law

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